Liverpool ADR Avoidability Assessment Tool (LAAT)

Bracken LE, Nunn AJ, Kirkham JJ, et al. Development of the Liverpool Adverse Drug Reaction Avoidability Assessment Tool. PLoS ONE. 2017;12(1):e0169393.
Pubmed PMID: 28046035
[January 2017] Our online tool was reviewed by the author Dr. Louise Bracken from the Paediatric Medicines Research Unit, Institute in the Park, Alder Hey Children's NHS Foundation Trust, Liverpool, United Kingdom.

Advanced Colorectal Adenoma Recurrence after Endoscopic Resection

Facciorusso A, Di maso M, Serviddio G, Vendemiale G, Muscatiello N. Development and validation of a risk score for advanced colorectal adenoma recurrence after endoscopic resection. World J Gastroenterol. 2016;22(26):6049-56.
Pubmed PMID: 27468196
[July 2016] Our online calculator was reviewed by the author Dr. Antonio Facciorusso (Gastroenterology Unit, Department of Medical Sciences, University of Foggia, Italy.)

Scar Cosmesis Assessment and Rating Scale

Kantor J. The SCAR Scale (Scar Cosmesis Assessment and Rating Scale): Development and validation of a new outcome measure for postoperative scar assessment. Br J Dermatol.
Pubmed PMID: 27292082
[July 2016] Our online calculator was reviewed by the author Dr. Jonathan Kantor (Department of Dermatology, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA. & Florida Center for Dermatology, P.A., Saint Augustine, FL.)

Drug Resistant Epilepsy in Children

Boonluksiri P, Visuthibhan A, Katanyuwong K. Clinical Prediction Rule of Drug Resistant Epilepsy in Children. J Epilepsy Res. 2015;5(2):84-8.
Pubmed PMID: 26819940

Catheterization RISk score for pediatrics (CRIPS)

Nykanen DG, Forbes TJ, Du W, et al. CRISP: Catheterization RISk score for Pediatrics: A Report from the Congenital Cardiac Interventional Study Consortium (CCISC). Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2016;87(2):302-9.
Pubmed PMID: 26527119
[November 2015] Our online calculator was reviewed by the author Nykanen, MD. Co-Director of The Heart Center; Chief, Cardiology and Cardiac Catheterization - Arnold Palmer Hospital For Children. Orlando, Florida

C-WATCH Risk Score

Hoffmann V, Neubauer H, Heinzler J, et al. A Novel Easy-to-Use Prediction Scheme for Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding: Cologne-WATCH (C-WATCH) Risk Score. Medicine (Baltimore). 2015;94(38):e1614.
Pubmed PMID: 26402828
PubMed Central (PMC) free article.

Necrotizing Fasciitis Risk Score

Borschitz T, Schlicht S, Siegel E, Hanke E, Von stebut E. Improvement of a Clinical Score for Necrotizing Fasciitis: 'Pain Out of Proportion' and High CRP Levels Aid the Diagnosis. PLoS ONE. 2015;10(7):e0132775.
Pubmed PMID: 26196941

Dialysis Initiation Risk Score

Thamer M, Kaufman JS, Zhang Y, Zhang Q, Cotter DJ, Bang H. Predicting Early Death Among Elderly Dialysis Patients: Development and Validation of a Risk Score to Assist Shared Decision Making for Dialysis Initiation. Am J Kidney Dis. 2015;
Pubmed PMID: 26123861

1-Year Mortality in CKD Patients Undergoing Predialysis Nephrology Care

Doi T, Yamamoto S, Morinaga T, Sada KE, Kurita N, Onishi Y. Risk Score to Predict 1-Year Mortality after Haemodialysis Initiation in Patients with Stage 5 Chronic Kidney Disease under Predialysis Nephrology Care. PLoS ONE. 2015;10(6):e0129180.
Pubmed PMID: 26057129

Sudden Death in Patients With Chagas Heart Disease

De Souza AC, Salles G, Hasslocher-moreno AM, et al. Development of a risk score to predict sudden death in patients with Chaga's heart disease. Int J Cardiol. 2015;187:700-4.
Pubmed PMID: 25919755
[ June 2015] Our online calculator was reviewed by the author De Souza, MD. Clementino Fraga Filho Hospital, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Chronic Kidney Disease Risk Score in HIV Infection

Mocroft A, Lundgren JD, Ross M, et al. Development and Validation of a Risk Score for Chronic Kidney Disease in HIV Infection Using Prospective Cohort Data from the D:A:D Study. PLoS Med. 2015;12(3):e1001809.
Pubmed PMID: 25826420
PubMed Central (PMC) free article

Differentiation of COPD and ASTHMA Score

Lee YS, Baek S, Ko Y, et al. New scoring system for the differentiation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma. Respirology. 2015.
Pubmed PMID: 25823440

Recurrent Diverticulitis Risk Score

Sallinen V, Mali J, Leppäniemi A, Mentula P. Assessment of risk for recurrent diverticulitis: a proposal of risk score for complicated recurrence. Medicine (Baltimore). 2015;94(8):e557
Pubmed PMID: 25715253
Full article
[March 2015] Our online calculator was reviewed by the author Ville Sallinen, MD., PhD., from the Department of Abdominal Surgery, University of Helsinki - Finland.

Staging of Acute Diverticulitis Based on Clinical, Radiologic, and Physiologic Parameters

Sallinen VJ, Leppäniemi AK, Mentula PJ. Staging of acute diverticulitis based on clinical, radiologic, and physiologic parameters. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2015;78(3):543-51
Pubmed PMID: 25710425
[March 2015] Our online calculator was reviewed by the author Ville Sallinen, MD., PhD., from the Department of Abdominal Surgery, University of Helsinki - Finland.

Essen Stroke Risk Score (validation for recurrent CV events prediction)

Weimar C, Diener HC, Alberts MJ, et al. The Essen stroke risk score predicts recurrent cardiovascular events: a validation within the REduction of Atherothrombosis for Continued Health (REACH) registry. Stroke. 2009;40(2):350-4.
Pubmed PMID: 19023098

FIGO Assessment Scoring System

Digesu GA, Swift S, Puccini F, et al. The FIGO assessment scoring system (FASS): a new holistic classification tool to assess women with pelvic floor dysfunction: validity and reliability. Int Urogynecol J. 2015.
Pubmed PMID: 25578870

Elective Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Difficulty Risk Score (Soltes score)

Soltes M, Radoňak J. A risk score to predict the difficulty of elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Wideochir Inne Tech Malo Inwazyjne. 2014;9(4):608-12.
Pubmed PMID: 25562000
PubMed Central (PMC) free article.
[January 2015] Our online calculator was reviewed by the author Marek Soltes, MD., PhD., from the Department of Surgery, University of Pavol Jozef Safarik, Kosice - Slovak Republic.

MRSA Risk Score in Patients with Pneumonia

Shorr AF, Myers DE, Huang DB, Nathanson BH, Emons MF, Kollef MH. A risk score for identifying methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in patients presenting to the hospital with pneumonia. BMC Infect Dis. 2013;13:268
Pubmed PMID: 23742753
PubMed Central (PMC) free article.

NCDR CathPCI Registry bleeding model among patients undergoing PCI

Brennan JM, Curtis JP, Dai D, et al. Enhanced mortality risk prediction with a focus on high-risk percutaneous coronary intervention: results from 1,208,137 procedures in the NCDR (National Cardiovascular Data Registry). JACC Cardiovasc Interv. 2013;6(8):790-9.
Pubmed PMID: 23968699
Elsevier full article [open access]

HeartMate II Risk Score

Cowger J, Sundareswaran K, Rogers JG, et al. Predicting survival in patients receiving continuous flow left ventricular assist devices: the HeartMate II risk score. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2013;61(3):313-21.
Pubmed PMID: 23265328

Modified Marshall Scoring System for Organ Dysfunction
(classification of acute pancreatitis)

Banks PA, Bollen TL, Dervenis C, et al.; Acute Pancreatitis Classification Working Group. Classification of acute pancreatitis-2012: revision of the Atlanta classification and definitions by international consensus. Gut. 2013;62(1):102-11.
Pubmed PMID: 23100216

GAP Index for Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis

Ley B, Ryerson CJ, Vittinghoff E, et al. A multidimensional index and staging system for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Ann Intern Med. 2012;156(10):684-91.
Pubmed PMID: 22586007

Liverpool ADR Causality Assessment Tool (LCAT)

Gallagher RM, Kirkham JJ, Mason JR, et al. Development and inter-rater reliability of the Liverpool adverse drug reaction causality assessment tool. PLoS ONE. 2011;6(12):e28096.
Pubmed PMID: 22194808
[January 2017] Our online tool was reviewed by the authors Prof. Sir Munir Pirmohamed and Dr. Ruairi Gallagher.

AIMS65

Saltzman JR, Tabak YP, Hyett BH, Sun X, Travis AC, Johannes RS. A simple risk score accurately predicts in-hospital mortality, length of stay, and cost in acute upper GI bleeding. Gastrointest Endosc. 2011;74(6):1215-24.
Pubmed PMID: 21907980

Clostridium Difficile Associated Disease Severity Score

Neal MD, Alverdy JC, Hall DE, Simmons RL, Zuckerbraun BS. Diverting loop ileostomy and colonic lavage: an alternative to total abdominal colectomy for the treatment of severe, complicated Clostridium difficile associated disease. Ann Surg. 2011;254(3):423-7.
Pubmed PMID: 21865943

Updated Charlson Index for Risk Adjustment in Hospital Discharge

Quan H, Li B, Couris CM, et al. Updating and validating the Charlson comorbidity index and score for risk adjustment in hospital discharge abstracts using data from 6 countries. Am J Epidemiol. 2011;173(6):676-82.
Pubmed PMID: 21330339

Pregnancy Complications in Women with Congenital Heart Disease

Drenthen W, Boersma E, Balci A, et al. Predictors of pregnancy complications in women with congenital heart disease. Eur Heart J. 2010;31(17):2124-32
Pubmed PMID: 20584777

BARD Score

Raszeja-wyszomirska J, Szymanik B, Ławniczak M, et al. Validation of the BARD scoring system in Polish patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). BMC Gastroenterol. 2010;10:67.
Pubmed PMID: 20584330

CHA2DS2-VASc Score

Lip GY, Nieuwlaat R, Pisters R, Lane DA, Crijns HJ. Refining clinical risk stratification for predicting stroke and thromboembolism in atrial fibrillation using a novel risk factor-based approach: the euro heart survey on atrial fibrillation. Chest. 2010;137(2):263-72.
Pubmed PMID: 19762550

RegiSCAR-Group Diagnosis Score for DRESS

Roujeau, J.C., Allanore, L., Liss, Y. et al. Severe Cutaneous Adverse Reactions to drugs (SCAR): definitions, diagnostic criteria, genetic predisposition. Dermatol Sinica. 2009; 27: 203–209

Lam Employment Absence and Productivity Scale (LEAP)

Lam RW, Michalak EE, Yatham LN. A new clinical rating scale for work absence and productivity: validation in patients with major depressive disorder. BMC Psychiatry. 2009;9:78.
Pubmed PMID: 19958540
PubMed Central (PMC) free article.

ABC Score for Massive Transfusion

Nunez TC, Voskresensky IV, Dossett LA, Shinall R, Dutton WD, Cotton BA. Early prediction of massive transfusion in trauma: simple as ABC (assessment of blood consumption)?. J Trauma. 2009;66(2):346-52.
Pubmed PMID: 19204506

Charlson Index for Chronic Disease Costs Prediction in Primary Care Patients

Charlson ME, Charlson RE, Peterson JC, Marinopoulos SS, Briggs WM, Hollenberg JP. The Charlson comorbidity index is adapted to predict costs of chronic disease in primary care patients. J Clin Epidemiol. 2008;61(12):1234-40.
Pubmed PMID: 18619805

Drug Interaction Probability Scale (DIPS)

Horn JR, Hansten PD, Chan LN. Proposal for a new tool to evaluate drug interaction cases. Ann Pharmacother. 2007;41(4):674-80.
Pubmed PMID: 17389673

The Thoracic Surgery Scoring System (Thoracoscore)

Falcoz PE, Conti M, Brouchet L, et al. The Thoracic Surgery Scoring System (Thoracoscore): risk model for in-hospital death in 15,183 patients requiring thoracic surgery. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2007;133(2):325-32
Pubmed PMID: 17258556

GAD-7 (Generalized Anxiety Disorder)

Spitzer RL, Kroenke K, Williams JB, Löwe B. A brief measure for assessing generalized anxiety disorder: the GAD-7. Arch Intern Med. 2006;166(10):1092-7.
Pubmed PMID: 16717171

Timi Risk Index

Wiviott SD, Morrow DA, Frederick PD, Antman EM, Braunwald E. Application of the Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction risk index in non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction: evaluation of patients in the National Registry of Myocardial Infarction. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2006;47(8):1553-8.
Pubmed PMID: 16630990

Opioid Risk Tool

Webster LR, Webster RM. Predicting aberrant behaviors in opioid-treated patients: preliminary validation of the Opioid Risk Tool. Pain Med. 2005;6(6):432-42.
Pubmed PMID: 16336480

Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation (HCT)-Specific Comorbidity Index

Sorror ML, Maris MB, Storb R, et al. Hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT)-specific comorbidity index: a new tool for risk assessment before allogeneic HCT. Blood. 2005;106(8):2912-9.
Pubmed PMID: 15994282
PubMed Central (PMC) free article.

Functional Comorbidity Index

Groll DL, To T, Bombardier C, Wright JG. The development of a comorbidity index with physical function as the outcome. J Clin Epidemiol. 2005;58(6):595-602.
Pubmed PMID: 15878473

In-Hospital and 1-Year Mortality in Patients With Hip Fractures

Jiang HX, Majumdar SR, Dick DA, et al. Development and initial validation of a risk score for predicting in-hospital and 1-year mortality in patients with hip fractures. J Bone Miner Res. 2005;20(3):494-500.
Pubmed PMID: 15746995

Mehran Contrast-Induced Nephropathy Risk Score after PCI

Mehran R, Aymong ED, Nikolsky E, et al. A simple risk score for prediction of contrast-induced nephropathy after percutaneous coronary intervention: development and initial validation. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2004;44(7):1393-9.
Pubmed PMID: 15464318

Pain Assessment in Advanced Dementia (PAINAD)

Warden V, Hurley AC, Volicer L. Development and psychometric evaluation of the Pain Assessment in Advanced Dementia (PAINAD) scale. J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2003;4(1):9-15.
Pubmed PMID: 12807591

HAMD-7

Mcintyre R, Kennedy S, Bagby RM, Bakish D. Assessing full remission. J Psychiatry Neurosci. 2002;27(4):235-9.
Pubmed PMID: 12174732

AGEP Score of the EuroSCAR Study Group

Sidoroff A, Halevy S, Bavinck JN, Vaillant L, Roujeau JC. Acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis (AGEP)--a clinical reaction pattern. J Cutan Pathol. 2001;28(3):113-9
Pubmed PMID: 11168761

SCORTEN for Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis

Bastuji-garin S, Fouchard N, Bertocchi M, Roujeau JC, Revuz J, Wolkenstein P. SCORTEN: a severity-of-illness score for toxic epidermal necrolysis. J Invest Dermatol. 2000;115(2):149-53.
Pubmed PMID: 10951229

Recurrence After Hepatic Resection for Metastatic Colorectal CancerRisk Score

Fong Y, Fortner J, Sun RL, Brennan MF, Blumgart LH. Clinical score for predicting recurrence after hepatic resection for metastatic colorectal cancer: analysis of 1001 consecutive cases. Ann Surg. 1999;230(3):309-18.
Pubmed PMID: 10493478
PubMed Central (PMC) free article

Comorbidity measures for use with administrative data

Elixhauser A, Steiner C, Harris DR, Coffey RM. Comorbidity measures for use with administrative data. Med Care. 1998;36(1):8-27.
Pubmed PMID: 9431328

Oxford Quality Scoring System (Jadad scale)

Jadad AR, Moore RA, Carroll D, et al. Assessing the quality of reports of randomized clinical trials: is blinding necessary?. Control Clin Trials. 1996;17(1):1-12.
Pubmed PMID: 8721797

Charlson-Age Comorbidity Index

Charlson M, Szatrowski TP, Peterson J, Gold J. Validation of a combined comorbidity index. J Clin Epidemiol. 1994;47(11):1245-51.
Pubmed PMID: 7722560

CIOMS/RUCAM

Danan G, Benichou C. Causality assessment of adverse reactions to drugs--I. A novel method based on the conclusions of international consensus meetings: application to drug-induced liver injuries. J Clin Epidemiol. 1993;46(11):1323-30.
Pubmed PMID: 8229110

Visit-Specific Satisfaction Instrument (VSQ-9)

Rubin HR, Gandek B, Rogers WH, Kosinski M, Mchorney CA, Ware JE. Patients' ratings of outpatient visits in different practice settings. Results from the Medical Outcomes Study. JAMA. 1993;270(7):835-40.
Pubmed PMID: 8340982

Barthel ADL Index (20 points version)

Collin C, Wade DT, Davies S, Horne V. The Barthel ADL Index: a reliability study. Int Disabil Stud. 1988;10(2):61-3.
Pubmed PMID: 3403500

Nottingham Prognostic Index (primary breast cancer)

Todd JH, Dowle C, Williams MR, et al. Confirmation of a prognostic index in primary breast cancer. Br J Cancer. 1987;56(4):489-92.
Pubmed PMID: 3689666
PubMed Central (PMC) free article.

Charlson Weighted Index of Comorbidities

Charlson ME, Pompei P, Ales KL, Mackenzie CR. A new method of classifying prognostic comorbidity in longitudinal studies: development and validation. J Chronic Dis. 1987;40(5):373-83.
Pubmed PMID: 3558716

Mental Health Inventory (MHI-18)

Veit CT, Ware JE. The structure of psychological distress and well-being in general populations. J Consult Clin Psychol. 1983;51(5):730-42. Pubmed PMID: 6630688
See also: nationalmssociety.org  &   rand.org

Naranjo algorithm

Naranjo CA, Busto U, Sellers EM, et al. A method for estimating the probability of adverse drug reactions. Clin Pharmacol Ther. 1981;30(2):239-45.
Pubmed PMID: 7249508

Injury Severity Score (ISS)

Baker SP, O'neill B, Haddon W, Long WB. The injury severity score: a method for describing patients with multiple injuries and evaluating emergency care. J Trauma. 1974;14(3):187-96.
Pubmed PMID: 4814394

Barthel ADL Index (original version)

Mahoney FI, Barthel DW. FUNCTIONAL EVALUATION: THE BARTHEL INDEX. Md State Med J. 1965;14:61-5.
Pubmed PMID: 14258950

Child-Pugh Score

Child CG, Turcotte JG. Surgery and portal hypertension. Major Probl Clin Surg. 1964;1:1-85.
Pubmed PMID: 4950264
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